mother holding childs hands
Share on Facebook
Share on Twitter
Share on LinkedIn

The presence of domestic violence in child custody cases presents an additional series of deeply concerning challenges in family law. At its core, domestic violence is not just an issue between partners. When there is domestic violence present in the household, it can cast a profound and lasting impact on the children in the family.

As courts navigate the delicate balance between parental rights and the welfare of the child, the presence of domestic violence adds a layer of complexity to custody decisions. Careful consideration must be given particularly in these decisions since it can significantly affect the long-term emotional and psychological well-being of children who end up being caught in the crossfire of domestic conflict.

Domestic violence has significant implications in child custody cases in New Jersey. The legal framework and precedent are designed to protect the best interests of the child, and evidence of domestic violence can heavily influence a court’s decision regarding custody and visitation rights. 

Key Considerations In Custody Cases When There Has Been Domestic Violence

  • Best Interests of the Child: In New Jersey, the primary factor to consider in any child custody case is the child’s best interests, which includes the child’s safety, emotional and physical well-being, and the need for a stable environment. When one parent has committed acts of domestic violence, the court will closely examine the impact of this behavior on the child. This includes both direct abuse of the child, as well as the effects of witnessing abuse against the other parent.
  • Presumption Against Custody: Under New Jersey law, there is a rebuttable presumption that it is not in the best interests of the child for a parent who has committed domestic violence to have custody. This presumption can be overcome if the abusive parent can demonstrate that they can provide a safe and stable environment for the child.
  • Factors Considered by the Court: The court will consider various factors when determining custody, including the history of domestic violence between the parents, the potential for future violence, the physical and emotional health of all parties involved, and the abusive parent’s history of drug or alcohol abuse. New Jersey courts will examine whether documented incidents of domestic violence involve the abuser’s spouse, the child, or both spouse and child. A court will also evaluate the number of acts of domestic violence that have been documented and whether any injuries resulted from them. 
  • Supervised Visitation: In cases where the court finds that unsupervised visitation would be harmful to the child, supervised visitation may be ordered. This allows the child to maintain a relationship with the abusive parent in a  controlled, safe environment.
  • Therapeutic and Legal Interventions: Courts often mandate that the abusive parent undergo counseling or anger management as a condition of visitation. Additionally, the court may issue restraining orders to protect the child and the custodial parent from further harm.
  • Restraining Orders: In child custody cases, restraining orders can be a critical legal tool to ensure the children’s and their guardians’ safety and well-being. Often part of a broader custody agreement or legal action, these orders are designed to prevent harassment, abuse, or abduction by limiting or prohibiting contact between the child and a particular individual, typically a parent or family member. The conditions of a restraining order in a custody case can vary widely. However, they may all include provisions restricting physical proximity, communication methods, and access to the child’s school or other important locations. The court issues these orders based on evidence of potential harm or threats, and violating a restraining order can result in significant legal consequences, including criminal charges and impacts on future custody rights. 
  • Documentation and Evidence: In these cases, documented evidence is crucial. This can include police reports, medical records, testimonies from witnesses, and any other documentation of the abuse.
  • Legal Representation: Both parties are advised to seek attorneys. Attorneys concentrating in family law can provide crucial guidance and representation in these complex and emotionally charged cases.
  • Modification of Custody Orders: If circumstances change, such as an improvement in the behavior of the abusive parent or conversely, if there have been new incidents of abuse, either parent can request a modification of the custody order.
  • Impact on Child Support: While custody and child support are separate legal issues, the outcome of a custody decision can impact the judgments involving the award of child support as well.

Contact an Experienced Attorney Today

It is important to note that each case is unique, and the courts will consider the specifics of each situation when determining the well-being of the children that are involved. If you are embroiled in a custody dispute where domestic violence is a factor, it is crucial to consult with a qualified attorney who can provide guidance based on the specifics of your situation. Bozanian McGregor, LLC has experienced family law attorneys who can help to make sure that you and your children are protected in matters involving the award of custody. Contact us today!

About the Author
Elton’s passion has always been family, guardianship, and estate practice, and the complexities that accompany each unique, family-oriented matter.